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18 Oct 2019 ... This chart collection highlights key infant mortality trends and demographic ... factors contributing to the U.S.'s relatively high rates of infant death. ... Over the past decade, the United States has seen reduced infant mortality. ... for the 10 leading causes of death among children 1 year of age or younger. Canada gets a “C” and ranks second-to-last among 17 peer countries. ... Infant mortality is a sentinel indicator of child health and the well-being of a society ... The causes of infant mortality are “strongly correlated to those structural factors, like ... and the quality of the environment, that affect the health of entire populations,” ...
INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITYMortality affects the volume of a population. Deaths are not equally distributed among all groups; rather many unique patterns have been identified. For example, the probability of dying is high among both extremes of a population's age structure—the very young and the very old. As a general pattern, the death rate is relatively high at age zero, reaches a minimum Vögele, Jörg (1997), “Urbanization, Infant mortality and Public Health in Imperial Germany”, 109-127, in Carlo Alberto Corsini, Pier Paolo Viazzo (eds.), The decline of infant and child mortality. The European experience : 1750-1950, The Hague, Martinus Nijhofff Publishers.
Of the many changes that have taken place in Western society during the past two centuries, few have been more significant than the steep fall in infant and child mortality. However, the timing and causes of the decline are still poorly understood. infant and child mortality. Woods et al.4,5have published two papers on the causes of the rapid infant mortality decline in England and Wales in the period 1861–1921. Infant mortality rates were high in urban areas in England and Wales. This was called the ‘urban-sanitary-diarrhoeal-effect’. It …
Canada gets a “C” and ranks second-to-last among 17 peer countries. ... Infant mortality is a sentinel indicator of child health and the well-being of a society ... The causes of infant mortality are “strongly correlated to those structural factors, like ... and the quality of the environment, that affect the health of entire populations,” ...
2.1 The determinants of infant and child mortalities The infant mortality is the number of deaths, occurring within one year of birth, per 1000 live births, while the child mortality rate refers to the annual number of children under the age of five, again, out of 1 000, who die during the year. While child survival is the function of a range of factors, many of these factors are traceable to the parents. For example, the most cited determinants of child and infant mortality include the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of the parents, maternal factors, …